Climate Change Authority

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Legislative reviews

The Climate Change Authority Act 2011 requires the Authority to review particular climate change policies and initiatives and report to the Minister responsible for climate change and the Australian Parliament.

Review of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting legislation

On 31 July 2018, the Climate Change Authority released a consultation paper on its operational review of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting legislation.

Review of the National Wind Farm Commissioner

On 31 May 2018, the Climate Change Authority released its review of the National Wind Farm Commissioner.

Review of the Emissions Reduction Fund

On 11 December 2017, the Climate Change Authority released the final report on its review of the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF). The review focused on the operational aspects of the ERF. The Authority is required to review the Carbon Farming Initiative and the ERF every three years.

Towards the next generation: delivering affordable, secure and lower emissions power

The Minister for the Environment and Energy asked the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) and the Climate Change Authority to jointly provide advice on policies to enhance power system security and to reduce electricity prices consistent with achieving Australia's emissions reduction targets in the Paris Agreement.

Special Review

The Minister for the Environment asked the Climate Change Authority to conduct a Special Review into Australia’s policies and future targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, in the context of its international commitments and the action of other countries.

Renewable Energy Target Reviews

The Climate Change Authority has released two reviews of the Renewable Energy Target, in 2012 and 2014. The 2014 review focused on a small set of priority questions, including the 2020 Large-scale Renewable Energy Target, the role of the RET after 2020, assistance for solar photovoltaics (PV) under the Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme and the basis of exemptions for emissions-intensive, trade-exposed industries.

Carbon Farming Initiative Review (2014)

The Climate Change Authority released its statutory review of the Carbon Farming Initiative in December 2014. The Authority evaluated the performance of the CFI to date; considered the extent to which the design of Emissions Reduction Fund (which replaces the CFI) improves on the CFI; and discusses the contribution the ERF could make to Australia’s emissions reduction goals for 2020 and beyond.

Targets and Progress Review

The Climate Change Authority released the final report of its Targets and Progress Review in February 2014. The Authority considered Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals and its progress toward meeting them. The Authority adopted a budget approach and recommended a coordinated set of emissions reduction goals for the short, medium and long term.

Research reports

The Climate Change Authority also undertakes research reports on climate-related issues.


Reaping the Rewards (research report)

This research report explores ways to improve on-farm profitability while reducing emissions on the land and conserving the natural environment.


Action on the land: reducing emissions, conserving natural capital and improving farm profitability – an issues paper

The Authority has released an issues paper for consultation. The aim of the issues paper is to better understand the barriers to and opportunities for 'win-win' outcomes on the land through better integrating climate change, natural resource management and agricultural policies.


Authority observations on Australia’s 2030 target

The Authority made some observations following the announcement of the government’s 2030 emissions reduction target.

Comparing countries’ emissions targets: A practical guide

This guide explains how to compare country targets, and the pros and cons of different approaches. In making its recommendations on Australia’s emissions reduction targets, the Authority will consider how Australia compares to other countries.


Using international units to help meet Australia’s emission reduction targets (research paper)

In its 2014 Targets and Progress Review, the Authority recommended Australia use international emissions reduction units to help meet its 2020 target. This paper considers the practical implications, including the types of international units Australia could use, their availability and costs, and potential purchasing arrangements.

Light vehicle emissions standards for Australia (research report)

In its Targets and Progress Review, the Authority recommended that the government investigate a CO2 emissions standard for light vehicles in Australia. This research report provides an in-depth analysis of light vehicle emissions standards, and demonstrates that mandatory standards are a cost-effective way to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions and light vehicle fuel use.

International climate action - priorities for the next agreement (research paper)

The international community is now negotiating a post-2020 framework for global climate action. Strong international action to reduce emissions is in every country’s interest, including Australia’s.. This research paper, released in June 2014, identifies key priorities for international co-operation on climate change that will encourage greater national emissions reductions.

Coverage, additionality and baselines - Lessons from the Carbon Farming Initiative and other schemes (CCA study)

This study investigated the experiences of Australian and international baseline and credit schemes, highlighting key lessons for the development of the government’s Emissions Reduction Fund. This work informed the Authority’s CFI Review.